The most accepted definition of the Sonnet is as a poem composed of fourteen lines using iambic pentameter (each line having ten syllables that are read in either da-DUM-da or DUM-da-DUM stresses) and incorporating a specific rhyming scheme. Although these three elements no longer necessarily have to be in a Sonnet to be called so (at least in the modern sense), we are most familiar with those that contain all of them. The more highly regarded Shakespearian Sonnet, for example, conforms with these guidelines having 14 lines, being written in the iambic pentameter, and with the rhyming scheme abab-cdcd-efef-gg.
The modern sonnet however is looser, in a manner of speaking, for not fully following this set rules. Case in point are my sonnets which, although I did try to catch the iambic form, do not come in the iambic pentameter scheme. But I do want to further experiment on this genre by taking on the other types. Perhaps I’ll try the Italian/Petrarchan sonnet sometime.